Dating south bend lathe
These types of simple bagpipes are still found on the Arabian and Greek Peninsulas and in North Africa and Eastern Europe.Illustrations from Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales show that several of the pilgrims were pipers; Shakespeare also mentions the bagpipe in his play The Merchant of Venice.When the piper needs to take a breath, squeezing on the bag provides the supplemental air supply to keep the bagpipe playing its continuous sound.The five pipes join the bag at wooden sockets called stocks.The melody pipe, or chanter, has finger holes that are played to produce the tune.Three other pipes, called drones, have bass and tenor pitches (with one bass and two tenor drones).It is still played today in folk bands or accompanied by a hurdy-gurdy (a three-stringed instrument).
The piper puffs air by mouth into a blowpipe that fills the bag.The musette had two chanters and four drones, but all the drones were in a single pipe.The Italian zampogna is played with two hands with a chanter for each hand.From about the thirteenth through to the sixteenth century, England had many forms of bagpipes with versions for the common folk and more elaborate forms for the royal courts.
The popularity of the pipes at court died out around 1560, and the more common forms also lost followers in the south and east.
The two chanters play melody and harmony, and the instrument also has two drones. All of these instruments became popular before 1700.