Dating north west england
The De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, written by Gildas, contains the best preservation of the Welsh tradition.In brief, it states that after the Romans left, the Britons managed to continue for a time without any major disruptions.The two main sources for the history of Wessex are the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List, which sometimes conflict.Wessex became a Christian kingdom after Cenwalh was baptised and was expanded under his rule.In time, however, some Saxon troops left Britain; under Ambrosius Aurelianus, the British subsequently defeated those who remained.A lengthy conflict ensued, in which neither side gained any decisive advantage until the Britons routed the Saxons at the Battle of Mons Badonicus.During the Roman occupation numerous country villas with attached farms were established across Wessex, along with the important towns of Dorchester and Winchester (the ending -chester comes from Lat. The Romans, or rather the Romano-British, built another major road that integrated Wessex, running eastwards from Exeter through Dorchester to Winchester and Silchester and on to London.
During the 8th century, as the hegemony of Mercia grew, Wessex largely retained its independence.
Æthelwulf was succeeded in turn by his four sons, the youngest being Alfred the Great.