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Situated below Lake Huron, Erie's primary inlet is the Detroit River.
The main natural outflow from the lake is via the Niagara River, which provides hydroelectric power to Canada and the U. as it spins huge turbines near Niagara Falls at Lewiston, New York and Queenston, Ontario.
Clair) and drains via the Niagara River and Niagara Falls into Lake Ontario.
Navigation downstream is provided by the Welland Canal, part of the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
Other major contributors to Lake Erie include the Grand River, the Huron River, the Maumee River, the Sandusky River, the Buffalo River, and the Cuyahoga River.
This ancient drainage system was destroyed by the first major glacier in the area, while it deepened and enlarged the lowland areas, allowing water to settle and form a lake.
Point Pelee National Park, the southernmost point of the Canadian mainland, is located on a peninsula extending into the lake.
Several islands are found in the western end of the lake; these belong to Ohio except for Pelee Island and eight neighboring islands, which are part of Ontario.
The glaciers were able to carve away more land on the eastern side of the lowland because the bedrock is made of shale which is softer than the carbonate rocks of dolomite and limestone on the western side.
Thus, the eastern and central basins of the modern lake are much deeper than the western basin, which averages only 25 feet (7.6 m) deep and is rich in nutrients and fish.
Kelleys Island was depicted by the Chicago Tribune as having charms that were "more subtle" than Put-in-Bay, and offers amenities such as beach lounging, hiking, biking and "marveling at deep glacial grooves left in limestone." Pelee Island is the largest of Erie's islands, accessible by ferry from Leamington, Ontario and Sandusky, Ohio.