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The remains of at least five distinct individuals were found at Hohle Fels.
In 2016, researchers successfully extracted the DNA from three samples taken from the Magdalenian period found at Hohle Fels.
The site would encompass areas in the Lonetal (valley of the Lone) and the Achtal (valley of the Ach) both in the southern Swabian Jura.
The former includes the caves Hohlenstein-Stadel, Vogelherd and Bocksteinhöhle, the latter Geisenklösterle, Hohle Fels and Sirgenstein Cave.
The cave is just outside the town of Schelklingen in the state of Baden-Württemberg, near Ulm.
The team also unearthed a bone flute in the cave, and found two fragments of ivory flutes in nearby caves.
The flutes date back at least 35,000 years and are some of the earliest musical instruments ever found.
Further excavations during 1958 to 1960, 1977, and 2002 yielded a number of spectacular finds, including several specimens of prehistoric sculpture such as an ivory bird and a human-lion hybrid figure similar to the Löwenmensch figurine but only 2.5 cm tall.
In 2005, one of the oldest phallic representations was discovered.In addition, they were the venue where performers used the excavated musical instruments and where the social groups lived from which the artists sprang.